Everything you need to know about eczema

Everything you need to know about eczema

Eczema is chronic skin condition characterised by patches of dry, itchy skin and is also known as atopic dermatitis, or atopic eczema. Most types cause dry, itchy skin and rashes on the face, inside the elbows and behind the knees, and on the hands and feet. Scratching your skin can cause it to turn red, and to swell and cause microtearing of the skin. It is likely caused by both genetic and environmental factors and unfortunately, cannot be cured.

The good part is if you’re able to identify your triggers, you can control it. In fair-skinned people, these areas may initially appear reddish and then turn brown. Among darker-skinned people, eczema can affect pigmentation, making the affected area lighter or darker.

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Here are a few things you can do to deal with eczema on a daily basis to manage eczema:

1. Use lukewarm water when taking a shower or bath. Extreme temperatures can increase flare ups. Apply moisturizer on wet skin to avoid itchy skin.

2. Use soap free, fragrance-free body washes and cleansers to cleanse your body that are meant for Eczema-prone skin. 

3. Use gentle allergen-free detergents for washing clothes that are meant for sensitive skin. Avoid excessively washing hands, especially with harsh soaps.

4. Don’t clean your kitchen or use any harsh cleaning agent with your bare hands. 

5. Stay away from synthetic fabrics. Opt for cotton and other completely natural fabrics that don’t irritate the skin. 6. Use a cold compress or an anti-itching cream to calm down the flare up. Since many people with eczema also have allergies, your doctor may perform allergy tests to determine possible irritants or triggers. The goal of treatment for eczema is to recognize those triggers and hence avoid flare ups. .

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