Everything you need to know about acne

Everything you need to know about acne

Acne is one of the most common and gruesome skin problems that we go through as teenagers and adults. Acne usually develops when hair follicles—the small sac that covers the hair on our skin—become clogged. When sebum accumulates, it causes the formation of comedones (blackheads). Pores clogged by sebum also promote the proliferation of bacteria which are responsible for the inflammation and pimples that acne is known for.

Broadly speaking, there are 6 types of acne:

1. Blackheads

Dead skin cells accumulated in open pores that oxidise, therefore look black. These are commonly found in the T-zone.

2. Whiteheads

Clogged pores at the surface of the skin.

3. Pastules

Infected pores filled with pus.

4. Papules

Red pimples caused by bacteria on skin’s surface.

5. Cystic Acne

Swollen pus-filled bumps formed under the skin.

6. Hormonal Acne

Papules and cysts around jawline, mouth and chin. Caused by hormonal imbalances, common amongst those of us with PCOD.


It’s important to meet a dermatologist to treat acne. When opting for a treatment, we ensure to do a thorough clinical assessment, hormonal profiling and patient history at @isaacluxe. This helps me understand the cause of acne. Having understood the cause the treatments associated are for long term relief. 


If you have acne-prone skin, the best care you can offer it is gentle care. Ideally, stay away from irritating products, remain patient, and develop a regular skin cleansing regimen.

  • Cleanse your skin twice a day (morning and night) using tepid water and a cleanser that is gentle, fragrance-free and suited to your skin type.
  • Use a non comedogenic moisturizer for oily skin. Dehydrated skin increases the production of sebum, which makes acne worse.
  • Only wear light make-up. Use non comedogenic, oil-free products. Thick creams, such as foundation, and applying several layers of various products should be avoided
  • Drink a lot of water. Giving your body water provides several advantages, including keeping skin well-hydrated and healthy.
  • Pimples and blackheads shouldn’t be picked at, scratched or pierced. 
  • Popping a pimple leads to inflammation and the spread of germs on neighbouring skin. Moreover, picking at pimples increases the risk of scarring.•Try to cut out dairy (switch to plant-based options) after speaking to a nutritionist and see the difference. 


Breakout on your forehead, chin and cheeks can meet different things. Here’s a quick cheat sheet:

If you’re breaking out of your chin (c-area of the lower face ) it’s a usual symptom of adult acne and requires hormonal medication .

Forehead acne can be a sign of excessive dandruff which requires dandruff to be treated. Acne around nose and chin cleft can be sebborhoeic dermatitis.

Acne can also be induced by stress , dietary changes (excessive sweets in functions) , sweat (workout) , cosmetics or underlying PCOD.

Treatments for types is different thus it’s important to meet a specialist.


Body acne is caused by the same factors that trigger facial acne, namely overactive oil glands, excess dead skin cells, and a proliferation of acne-causing bacteria. When oil and dead skin cells become trapped within the follicle, or what we commonly call the pore, it can create a blockage. This blockage becomes a blackhead and can progress to an inflamed pimple if bacteria invade your back, chest or butt.



Your back, like your face, has numerous sebaceous glands that secrete sebum, an oily substance. Sebum, along with dead skin cells and bacteria, can build up in the hair follicles on your back and clog them. A clogged follicle eventually breaks down and forms an acne lesion.


Arm and shoulder acne is a common problem that can be very unpleasant. Shoulder and arm acne can be caused by excessive production or oils that clog pores (common in puberty), friction, excess keratin or an allergic reaction.


Sometimes referred to as “butt-ne,” an outbreak of pimples on the buttocks is usually caused by one of two fairly common problems: a) Folliculitis. Acne-like bumps on the buttocks are caused by inflammation of hair follicles, which is called folliculitis. Folliculitis can be caused by an infection from bacteria, yeast, or fungus, irritation of hair follicles, or blockage of hair follicles. b) Carbuncles. A cluster of boils, these feel more like painful knots of pus under the skin, something like an acne cyst. They can occur when folliculitis gets out of control and starts to become a deeper infection.


1. Acne Mechanica From Heat, Friction, and Sweat

Certain articles of clothing, sports equipment, and other gear may be triggering your body breakouts. Rubbing or pressure on the skin, combined with heat and/or sweat, can irritate and inflame follicles and cause a specific type of acne called acne mechanica. If at all possible, try to avoid sources of friction while you’re trying to heal body acne. These include tight-fitting clothing, too-snug collars, backpacks, purse straps, and athletic pads or gear. Sweat can also irritate body acne. To minimize irritation, shower as soon as possible after exercising. Don’t aggressively scrub the skin, though. Remember, you want to avoid friction. A thorough, but gentle cleansing—preferably with a salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide wash—is better than a vigorous scrubbing.

2. Hormones & genetics

Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives also can affect sebum production. And low amounts of androgens circulate in the blood of women and can worsen acne. certain dietary factors, including skim milk and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels and chips — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been suspected of making acne worse. Even stress can make acne worse. Genetics plays a role in acne. If both parents had acne, you’re likely to develop it, too.


The sun could also be to blame in the summer, because it dries out your skin and causes your oil glands to over-produce, which can lead to pimples.


Your hair products could also be causing a reaction, especially if you’re leaving excess shampoo and conditioner on your skin in the shower. Certain ingredients in your shampoo and conditioner, particularly sulphates, may be to blame for the “ring of fire” of clogged pores around your neck and back. Because they can be drying to skin, they can cause oil glands to overproduce. It’s better to pick a product which is not too over drying or sulphate free.

If the problem is severe, consult a dermatologist to adopt a treatment plan listed below.


Here are a variety of treatments along with prescription ointments that can help you reduce acne.

  1. Microdermabrasion: It is a non-invasive procedure that uses tiny crystals or other exfoliating surfaces to help remove the superficial layer of dead skin cells. This helps minimise pores, boost blood circulation and pigmentation.
  2. Gene Induction: It enables an improved micro-needling procedure along with an immediate infusion of a powerful active serum. This helps tackle open pores, congested skin and visible reduces acne scars.
  3. Fraxel laser skin resurfacing is an amazing laser-treatment that effectively improves both skin tones and textures. The benefits of Fraxel treatment include reduction of appearance of acne scars, improvement in tone, pore size as well as pigmentation.
  4. Photofacials: A photofacial is a 30 minute procedure in which intense pulses of light are used to penetrate deep into the skin. This destroys the most common acne causing bacteria, preventing future breakouts, and helping to eliminate current ones.
  5. Peels: A combination of salicyclic acid, or alpha-hydroxy acids, we prescribe customised cocktail peels to treats all kinds of acne while smoothing the skin after just one treatment.
  6. Dermaroller: Be it for acne scars or skin renewal, at ISAAC Luxe, we use dermarollers for wound healing and acne scar reduction. With the help of microneedles, it creates tiny pricks around the skin, helping skin healing and better absorption of acids and vitamins.
  7. Dermapen: A patented device that is a frontrunner when it comes to microneedling, it is used to treat active acne and to reduce the appearance of acne scars. Known as collagen induction therapy, the device uses microneedles to break down collagen in acne scars while puncturing the skin with tiny needles. We make most of this latest technology to improve and heal the after-effects of acne, scars and dark spots.
  8. Carbon Facial Peel: Reduces blackheads and dead skin cells while the best Q-switch laser in the industry helps gets better results with maximum comfort for patients. An advanced Q-Switched Nd:YAG Laser that boasts exceptional photorejuvenation results in the treatment of large pores, skin peeling, tightening and lifting, removing pigmented lesions and cell and collagen regeneration

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