Here is your guide to understanding and treating various types of acne
Different people suffer from different types of acne. Breakouts in general require their own designated treatment and ingredients. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, acne was the top reason given by patients for visiting a dermatologist. To successfully cure acne, you first need to recognise its nature, followed by its root cause and then figure out a possible treatment method. Read on to know all about some common types of acne:
- Papules and Pustules
Papules and Pustules occur when walls surrounding your pores break down because of inflammation and get filled with a mix of bacteria, dead cells, and oil. Papules have a hard texture and they are red in colour. Pustules can be described as a delicate everyday pimple that often has a whitehead on the top.
Papules and pustules fade away on their own in three to four days. To mitigate their growth, you can use a gentle face wash and a warm compress. A warm compress brings the trapped pus to the surface and gently breaks it from the skin. If this does not help then you should get a cleanser or face wash with benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid.
- Comedo: Blackheads and Whiteheads
Blackheads and whiteheads are little bumps that are caused after a hair follicle gets blocked with oil and dead cells. Blackheads are formed within open pores. The open pores expose the debris to oxygen which causes oxidation and darkens the pent up material. Whiteheads are formed within closed pores and can develop into pimples with time.
You can treat them by regularly using a pore clarifying cleanser, gentle exfoliation and pore strips. Dermatologists recommend salicylic acid-based products to manage comedo.
- Cystic acne
Like most acne, cystic acne results from a mix of excess oil, bacteria, and dead cells. Cystic acne is developed deep inside the dermis layer. They are often painful and people with oily skin are more susceptible to cystic acne.
In most cases, cystic acne requires medical intervention. The dermatologists prescribe isotretinoin medication and also suggest cortisone injections to treat it. To temporarily reduce the inflammation and pain caused by cystic acne you can rub ice on the affected area and use a turmeric mask.
- Hormonal Acne
As its name suggests, hormonal acne is associated with hormone imbalance. It generally affects teenagers and preteens going through puberty, but it can also affect adults. It is one of the most common types of acne. Due to hormonal fluctuations caused during menstruation and menopause, this acne impacts women more than men.
You can keep hormonal acne at the bay by periodically using benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid-based cleansers. If your hormonal acne is severe then seek professional help. Doctors suggest birth control drugs like drospirenone, norgestimate and norethindrone to manage it.
- Blind Acne
Blind acne refers to small bumps that are not overtly visible but you can feel them. Blind acne changes your skin’s texture. It is easy to cure and often subdues by itself but it can be painful while it lasts.
You can mitigate it with over-the-counter topical antibiotics like clindamycin and erythromycin. It is helpful to cut down on dairy consumption and use tea tree oil on blind acne. Studies have proven that tea tree oil reduces mild to moderate acne.
Folliculitis is a condition caused by bacteria or fungal infection in which pimples appear around hair follicles. These pimples can be itchy and sore. Folliculitis can be caused by wearing tight pieces such as spandex tights that do not allow air circulation. Abrasive shaving and waxing can also cause folliculitis.
You can soothe it by using aloe vera gel on the affected area and moisturising it regularly. A cold compress will reduce pain and inflammation. Doctors suggest a week-long skincare routine that involves using an antibacterial body wash and chlorhexidine (an antiseptic formula) to treat it.
Book an appointment with Dr. Geetika Mittal Gupta here to find a solution and treatment that works for your skin.